I returned back to Wedgemount Glacier in Garibaldi Provincial Park near Whistler, British Columbia for an analysis of the ongoing retreat. Originally I was going to summit Wedge Mountain & had a very clear previous day but had awoken from my campsite this morning to find smoke & haze from fires in the interior part of the province pouring into the region, leaving visibility to less than 3km. A bit bummed, I opted to go up Parkhurst Mountain instead. In a way though, the haze gave more of an "icier" effect to the area. Since a year ago, much of the terminus of Wedgemount Glacier has changed w/ a new lake slowly making an appearance, the glacier is one of the fastest retreating having lost nearly 0.3km distance since the 1980s. This view is about midway up towards a col b/w Wedge Mountain & Parkhurst Mountain. There was a lot of revealed ice that showed some small transverse crevasses - higher up the firn made things more questionable, though being early in the morning everything was nice & cold.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, in the province of Ontario. There are offically ten provinces and three territories in Canada, which is the second largest country in the world in terms of land area.While politically and legally an independant nation, the titular head of state for Canada is still Queen Elizabeth.On the east end of Canada, you have Montreal as the bastion of activity. Montreal is famous for two things, VICE magazine and the Montreal Jazz Festival. One is the bible of hipster life (disposable, of course) and the other is a world-famous event that draws more than two million people every summer. Quebec is a French speaking province that has almost seceded from Canada on several occasions, by the way..When you think of Canada, you think of . . . snow, right?But not on the West Coast. In Vancouver, it rains. And you'll find more of the population speaking Mandarin than French (but also Punjabi, Tagalog, Korean, Farsi, German, and much more).Like the other big cities in Canada, Vancouver is vividly multicultural and Vancouverites are very, very serious about their coffee.Your standard Vancouverite can be found attired head-to-toe in Lululemon gear, mainlining Cafe Artigiano Americanos (spot the irony for ten points).But here's a Vancouver secret only the coolest kids know: the best sandwiches in the city aren't found downtown. Actually, they're hidden in Edgemont Village at the foot of Grouse Mountain on the North Shore."It's actually worth coming to Canada for these sandwiches alone." -- Michelle Superle, VancouverText by Steve Smith.