The Yungang rock cave (Yungang Grottoes) located at the Shanxi Province Datong's Yungang rock cave, has hole niche 252, statuary 51000, has represented the 5th century to the 6th century when Chinese outstanding Buddhism rock cave art. In which shines cloudy five holes, the topological design rigorous unification, is the Chinese Buddhism art first peak classical masterpiece. the Yungang rock cave is also one of world-famous stone carving art treasure houses. in 1961 the State Council announced for the nation key Cultural relic preservation organ, in 2001 is listed as the world culture inheritance. on May 8, 2007, Datong Yungang rock cave by National Tourism Administration official authorization for national 5A level tourist scenic zone. Has become the important place which the domestic people from all walks of life visit tour, is also the tourist attraction which the foreign friend adores and yearned. the Yungang rock cave has recorded Indian and the Central Asia Buddhism art vividly to the Chinese Buddhism art development historical path, reflects the Buddhism statuary in China gradually the secularization, nationality's process. Many kinds of Buddhism art statuary style has realized unprecedented achieving mastery through a comprehensive study in the Yungang rock cave, from this forms “the Yungang pattern” becomes the Chinese Buddhism art development the turning point. Dunhuang Mogao Caves, in Longmen Grottoes' Northern Wei Dynasty time statuary varying degree receives the Yungang rock cave the influence.
Shanxi located at Mt. Taihang west, east of Yellow River. Name of the Shanxi, because of occupies Mt. Taihang west to acquire fame. Was called since old times ?Biaolishanhe?. Spring and Autumn Period time, most districts for Jin all, therefore abbreviation ?Jin?; The Warring States initial period, Han, Zhao, Wei three divide the Jin, because and calls ?the Three-Jin?. The entire province total area 156,000 square kilometers, the total population nearly 34,000,000 people, presently govern Taiyuan, Datong, Shuozhou, Yangquan, Changzhi, Xinzhou, Luliang, Jinzhong, Linfen, Yuncheng, Jincheng and so on 11 locally administered levels, altogether 85 counties, 11 county-level cities, 23 municipal districts. Provincial capital Taiyuan, provincial government in the Taiyuan Municipal government east street. Rich tourism resources in Shanxi Province, historical monuments, scenic spots more. There are more famous Yungang Grottoes, Mount Temple group Jinci, Yingxian Wooden Tower, Yongle Palace,Xuankong Temple , Hukou Waterfall, Temple state solution, such as Hongtong large tree.