Named Montgomery after the Norman lord who established a motte-and-bailey wooden fort at nearby Hen Domen, the present castle was built in the early 13th century, during the reign of Henry III. It sits on a hilltop with commanding views over the mid-Wales border.
Having survived several attacks by Welsh forces throughout the 13th century, it ultimately met its fate in 1649, when it was comprehensibly slighted after the English Civil War.
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor. The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000. Wales itself has a population of around 3 million. The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.