Marée basse sur Le Sillon de Saint Malo
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Panoramic photo by Zaellig EXPERT Taken 11:25, 12/10/2009 - Views loading...

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Marée basse sur Le Sillon de Saint Malo

The World > Europe > France

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Le Sillon est à l'origine une langue de sable qui relie à marée basse Saint-Malo à la terre ferme. Au milieu du 19e siècle, on y trouve essentiellement des activités industrielles (moulins, fours à chaux...) . En 1838, le premier casino de Saint-Malo est construit à l' extrémité ouest de la chaussée, à l' emplacement du fort de Thiange. Un décret présidentiel de 1852 fixe les alignements à suivre pour les constructions nouvelles en terrains insubmersibles. Dès 1854, l' administration rachète une partie des terrains préalablement concédés pour réaliser les murs défensifs de l' esplanade Saint-Vincent jusqu' au niveau de la croix monumentale dite Croix de Mi-Grève. Il faut attendre le dernier quart du 19e siècle pour que la pratique des bains de mer supplante les activités industrielles du Sillon, où l' habitat est encore minoritaire (quelques cabanes en bois) . Entre 1880 et 1900, des maisons de villégiature sont édifiées sur des terrains acquis de l' Etat par des propriétaires malouins. La vocation industrielle du Sillon disparaît quasiment avec le passage du tramway en 1895. Au début du siècle, la guinguette de la Ville en Bois (démolie en 1915 et remplacée par le syndicat d' initiative) est ouverte pour les touristes, qui succède à l' hôtel Franklin (1861) , à des hôtels de voyageurs de taille plus modeste et à des immeubles à appartements en front de mer. Les seules activités industrielles qui subsistent sont un magasin de fourrage, une fabrique d' eau de Seltz et une usine à gaz (1910) .

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This panorama was taken in France

This is an overview of France

France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.

French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.

The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.

The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.

The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.

One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.

During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.

France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.

Text by Steve Smith.

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