The Nanjing presidential palace had more than 600 years history until now. The Ming Dynasty first year once was Guide Hou Fu and the Chinese palace. The Qing Dynasty weaves bureau, south of Yangzi River governor bureau for Jiangning, two jiangs governor bureau. Qing Dynasty Kangxi, under Emperor Qianlong when south of Yangzi River take this as “the temporary palace”. in March, 1853 Taiping army seized Nanjing, established the capital in Tianjing, Hong Xiuchuan has constructed the broad in scale in the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Chinese court palace (day palace). After Qingjun breaks through Nanjing, burns down the palace construction, (1870) has reconstructed two jiangs governor bureau in the Tongzhi nine years. Lin Zexu, Zeng Guofan, Li Hongzhang, Liu Kun one, Shen Baozhen, Zuo Zongtang, Zhang Zhidong, proper and so on have been appointed two jiangs governor.after the 1911 year in October 1911 Revolution erupts, on January 1, 1912, Sun Yat-Sen took an oath in here takes office the Republic of China temporary president, and has set up in the Chinese history the first republican system state power ── Republic of China Provisional government.
on April 23, 1949 Nanjing liberated, on 24th, the communist army seized the presidential palace. Henceforth, had opened the Chinese history new page.after the Nanjing liberates in near 50 years, presidential palace continuously as institution's work place. Since the 1980s, the institution unit has moved one after another, and in 1998 above the presidential palace former site, starts to prepare for construction the Nanjing China Modern history Ruins Museum. After the careful plan and five year construction, has begun to take shape to 2003. At present, the museum total area is 90,000 square meters, is divided three visit regions. The central area (axle) is mainly the National government, the presidential palace and the respective organization; West the area is Sun Yat-Sen's temporary president office, the secretariat and west the garden, as well as joint chiefs of staff and so on; East the area is mainly the Executive Yuan former site, the horse stable and east the garden. A series of exhibition halls and historical data exhibition, then distributes in these three regions. today, the presidential palace is remaining by many preserved complete modern times China and the West construction, domestic unique and sincere historical culture atmosphere, precious cultural relic and historical data, fine scenery natural environment, as well as nearly 30000 square meter leisure service areas, warmly welcome from the nation and everywhere honored guests.