Tran Quoc Temple (Vietnamese: Chùa Trấn Quốc, Chinese: 鎭國寺) is a Buddhist temple located on a West Lake islet, Hanoi, Vietnam. Tran Quoc means "Stabilizing the Nation" in Vietnamese. Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi is the oldest pagoda constructed in the sixth century during the reign of Emperor Ly Nam De. Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi was supposedly founded 1,400 years ago by King Ly Nam De with the name Khai Quoc (National Founder). At first it was built outside the Yen Phu Dyke and the move to West Lake. Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi was then named Khai Quoc, meaning "founding the country." It has been named An Quoc, Tran Quoc and Tran Bac. With architecture harmonious with nature, the pagoda complements the beautiful scenery around the lake. One of the present statues inside Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi was fashioned in 1639.
This is the historical central area of Hanoi, capital of Hanoi. Hanoi estimated population 3,398,889 (2007), is the capital and second-largest city of Vietnam. From 1010 until 1802, with a few brief interruptions, it was the political centre of an independent Vietnam. It was eclipsed by Huế during the Nguyen Dynasty as the capital of Vietnam, but Hanoi served as the capital of French Indochina from 1887 to 1954. From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam.