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Tappeh Sialk (die Sialk Hügel)

Tappeh Sialk (Tappeh / Tapeh ist die persische Form von Tepe/Teppe: „Hügel“) ist die Bezeichnung zweier Ruinenhügel in Kaschan. Die Siedlungen liegen in der Nähe des Fin-Gartens mit seinen ergiebigen Wasserquellen, die schon seit alters her die Menschen anzogen.

Erste Ausgrabungen von 1933 bis 1938 unter Leitung von Roman Ghirshman durchgeführt. In den letzten Jahren wurden die Ausgrabungen von iranischen Archäologen weitergeführt. Dabei zeigte sich, dass die Zikkurat etwa aus der Zeit um 2900 v. Chr. stammt, also etwa 800 Jahre älter als die Zikkurat des Mondgottes Nanna in Ur ist. Dabei wurden auch Metallschlacken gefunden, die von den Archäometallurgen der Bergakademie Freiberg untersucht wurden. Grabungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts in der prähistorischen Siedlung Arisman 60 km südöstlich von Tappe Sialk belegen, dass die Verhüttung von Kupfererzen im zentraliranischen Hochland im 5. Jahrtausend v. Chr. begann.

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Copyright: Ramin Dehdashti
Art: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Taken: 01/06/2009
Hochgeladen: 17/04/2010
Aktualisiert: 04/03/2015


Tags: iran; kashan; tapeh; sialk; ancient; ziggurat; archeological; isfahan; louvre; historical; hill; mound; teppe; persia; tappeh
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Mehr über Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran has been occupied since 4000BCE, making Iran home to the world's oldest continuous civilization.It is located in central Eurasia on two ancient trade routes. One runs North-South and connects the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, the other one goes East-West between China, India, Europe and Africa.There's a city called Isfahan at the intersection of these two routes, which at one time was the wealthiest city in the world. Isfahan was twice the capital of the Persian Empire, during the Median and then Safavid Dynasties.Interesting artifacts from pre-Islamic Persia include the cylinder of Cyrus the Great, which is the world's first written declaration of human rights. The hanging gardens of Babylon (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the Code of Hammurabi (a set of rules which outlast the King) are also on the list.The Persian Empire was so magnificent that returning Crusaders carried tales of its splendor and helped spark the Renaissance in Europe! Influence of the Zoroastrian teachings of equality also inspired Greek philosophers such as Aristotle and Socrates.The Persian Empire was conquered by Muslim Arabs around 650CE during the Sassanid Dynasty. Initially the Zoroastrian, Christian and Jewish faiths were tolerated but by 1000CE most Persians had accepted Islam.In the sixteenth century Shi'a Islam was declared in Isfahan to be the national religion of Persia and the second golden age began. From 1500 to 1720 the Safavid Dynasty built the greatest Iranian empire since before the Islamic conquest of Persia.Because of its strategic location and oil resources, World War I found Persia in the middle of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire, Russia and the British Empire-via-India. Persia became Iran as of 1935 and was ruled by the Shah, a Persian term for "monarch."In the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iran re-established a theocratic government under the Ayatollah Khomeini.Today the capital of Iran is the city of Tehran, and Iran is known as the world's center of Shi'a Islam.Text by Steve Smith.