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Le pont Bonaparte à Lyon
France

Un premier pont en bois, le pont de l'Archevêché (ou pont de Bois, des Comtes, Bellecour ou des Chanoines), est construit entre 1634 et 1642 par l'ingénieur Jean Christophe Marie. Le pont est régulièrement victime des crues et en 1709 cinq arches et quatre palées sont emportées. Le pont est reconstruit en 1732 pour être démoli 49 ans plus tard. Les travaux d'un nouveau pont commencent, mais ils sont régulièrement interrompus. La construction débute véritablement en 1786 pour se finir en 1807sous la direction de l'ingénieur Carron. Le conseil municipal baptise l'ouvrage pont Tilsit. Construit en pierre de Villebois, le pont est constitué de cinq arches atteignant 148 m de long. Les piles du pont s'appuient sur des enrochements provenant du creusement du quai Pierre Scize. L'itinéraire de la "grande route de Provence" est alors dévié du pont du Change vers le Pont Tilsit. Le pont, trop bas, se transforme en barrage lors des fréquentes crues de la Saône. Il est donc démoli et remplacé par un pont plus haut construit en 1863-1864.

En septembre 1944 les forces allemandes dynamitent le pont qui perd ses arches et une des piles. Trop endommagé, il est remplacé par le pont actuel construit entre 1946 et 1950. Il est composé de trois arches en béton armé recouvertes de pierre de Hauteville. Son nom actuel lui a été attribué le 27 janvier 1964.

Source wikipedia

Copyright: Galliez Stephane
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 10868x5434
Taken: 25/06/2009
Chargée: 25/06/2009
Mis à jour: 09/02/2018
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Tags: bridge; river; night; light; lyon; bonaparte; napoleon
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France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.Text by Steve Smith.