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town Mělník
Czech Republic
The city was founded in the 13th Melnik century castle of the market and later settlements. Charter city does not. And so the first message, whereby the city of Melnik considered, appeared in document Premysl Otakar II. of 25 November 1274, which was donated Mělnik to complete the community share in the proceeds Elbe trade. Melnik proclaimed a permanent royal dowry town to Charles IV. He could bring here from Burgundy and Champagne from the vines and magnified the Melnik wine. During the Hussite Wars Mělničané remained in alliance with the citizens of Prague. During the reign of George of Podebrady city prospered economically. Since the end of the 15th century, however, stagnated and then declined. The situation has deteriorated especially after suppressing anti-Habsburk resistance Czech towns and the nobility in 1547. King Ferdinand I of Habsburg city confiscated all his possessions, he suffered a considerable financial penalty, abolished guilds, constituted the imperial city magistrate. The period from the Hussite wars, the Thirty Years' War became the golden age of Melnik wine. Expanded the vineyards, the rich burghers financed the construction of Church. Ludmila and Chloumku Church of the Holy Trinity. The Thirty Years War very badly hit and Melnik. Frequent visits troops, the Swedish occupation, looting, fires, plague. When many artisans and vintners to emigrate to the city almost depopulated. In the 17th and 18 Melnik century destroyed by fire, plague, peasant rebellion and many barren years.
Copyright: Jakub Laštovička
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8000x4000
Taken: 04/07/2011
Chargée: 14/07/2011
Mis à jour: 21/03/2015
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More About Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a cool little landlocked country south of Germany and Poland, with a national addiction to pork and beer. Potatos, cabbage, and dumplings are close behind them, and they also have this great bar food called "utopenec." It means "a drowned man," it's pickled sausage with onions, perfect with some dark wheat bread and beer. The Czech bread is legendary, like a meal all by itself.Czechoslovakia first became a sovereign state in 1918 when it declared independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The state of Czechoslovakia lasted until the "Velvet Divorce" of 1993, which created Slovakia and the Czech Republic.It was occupied by Germany in WWII but escaped major damage, unlike most other European cities. The nation's capital, Prague, retains some of Europe's most beautiful Baroque architecture as well as one of the largest medieval castle complexes still standing. The President of the Czech Republic has his offices in the Prague Castle even today.There was a coup d'etat in 1948 and Czechoslovakia fell under Soviet rule. For fifty years Czechoslovakia was a Socialist state under the USSR, subject to censorship, forced atheism and even the arrest of jazz musicians!In 1989, communist police violently squashed a pro-democracy demonstration and pissed everybody off so bad that a revolution erupted over it, finally ending the Communist rule.The next twenty years saw rapid economic growth and westernization. Today in Prague you can eat at McDonald's or KFC, shop for snowboarding boots and go see a punk rock show.The Czech Republic took over the presidency of the European Union in January 2009. This instantly created lots of political drama because the President of the Czech Republic, Vaclav Klaus, is a renowned Euroskeptic.We anxiously await the outcome of "President Klaus vs. the Lisbon Treaty", a world heavywieght fight sceduled for spring 2009.Text by Steve Smith.