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Царицынская пожарная каланча в Волгограде . Fire brigade in Volgograd

Царицынская пожарная каланча в Волгограде


Всего до революции в Царицыне имелось несколько зданий пожарных частей, две из которых сохранились с тех пор. Одна на территории современного Ворошиловского района, и эта, «Первая». Решение о ее строительстве было принято в 1891 году, а введена «пожарка» в строй, если верить сохранившейся надписи на фасаде, в 1897-м. На фасаде же, к слову, сохранился и уникальный компилятивный герб Саратовской губернии и уездного города Царицына.
На втором этаже размещалась казарма-общежитие, оборудованная шестовым спуском. Жизнь самих пожарных мало изменилась даже с постройкой основной каланчи. Работа в одну смену. Заработок небольшой – от 15 до 20 руб. в месяц. Жили в общежитиях при депо, спали вповалку на нарах. Разрушена каланча была не в войну, как уверены многие, а гораздо раньше, в 30-е годы. Есть предположение, что связано это было с начатым в районе площади Павших борцов строительством здания исполкома, в связи с чем все высотные и, соответственно, потенциально опасные (в том числе, как ориентиры для стрельбы) доминанты в ближайших окрестностях ликвидировались. Для воссоздания облика «Первой царицынской пожарной части» было проведено тщательное исследование самого здания, архивов, документов музея пожарной охраны. Здание восстановлено с использованием знаменитой царицынской тычковой кладки, при которой кирпичи кладут торцом.

Источник: monument.volgadmin.ru

Tsaritsinsky Fire brigade in Volgograd

In total before revolution in Tsaritsyn there were some buildings of the fire brigades two of which were saved since then. One in territory of modern Voroshilovsky area, and this, "First". Solution on its building was accepted in 1891, and "fire brigade" into operation is put if to trust the saved inscription on a facade, in 1897. On a facade, the unique arms of the Saratov province and a district city of Tsaritsyn were by the way, saved also.
On the second floor the barracks-hostel equipped with descent on a pole took places. The life of firemen has a little varied even with construction the main Fire brigade. Operation in one change. Earnings small – from 15 to 20 roubles. In a month. Lived in hostels at depot, slept вповалку on plank beds. Has been destroyed каланча not in war as many are assured, and much earlier, in 30th years. There is a supposition that it has been linked with started around square of the Fallen fighters building of a building of executive committee, in this connection all high-rise and, accordingly, potentially dangerous (including as reference points for shooting) dominants in the nearest vicinities were liquidated. For a shape reconstruction «the First  a fire brigade» had been conducted careful research of the building, archives, documents of a museum of fire protection. The building is restored with usage well-known Tsaritsinsky "тычковой" layings at which bricks put an end face.

Source: monument.volgadmin.ru


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Copyright: Imma
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 6000x3000
Taken: 04/11/2009
Uploaded: 05/11/2009
Updated: 02/03/2015


Tags: volgograd; stalingrad; volga; russia; monument
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