1 Like

003-03-المدينة القديمة في الدرعية Old City at ad-Dir'iyyah
Saudi Arabia

المملكة العربية السعودية / منطقة الرياض/ مدينة الدرعية/المدينة القديمة: تقع شمال غرب الرياض على الضفة الغربية لوادي حنيفة، وهي مدينة تاريخية عريقة يرجع تاريخها إلى منتصف القرن التاسع الهجري عندما أنشأ غصيبة (أقدم أحياء الدرعية) مانع بن ربيعة المريدي أحد أقارب ابن درع صاحب حجر اليمامة ، ومن يومئذ ظلت المدينة تنمو وتتوسع لأهمية موقعها الجغرافي وتوسطه في الجزيرة العربية، وفي منتصف القرن الثاني عشر الهجري وصل إلى الدرعية الإمام محمد بن عبد الوهاب الذي وجد في أسرة آل سعود ، وفي شخص الإمام محمد بن سعود بالتخصيص ، خير مؤازر ومناصر في سبيل دعوة الإصلاح وأحياء السنة المحمدية, وهكذا أراد الله أن يجعل من الدرعية مركز هداية ومنطلقا لدولة شامخة الأركان . وأشهر أجزاء الدرعية القديمة هو حي الطريف الذي كان مقر الأسرة الحاكمة . وأسوار الدرعية التي تتخللها بعض الحصون الدفاعية التي بنيت في عهد الإمام عبد العزيز بن محمد بن سعود لدرء خطر الطامعين في الدرعية, ويبلغ الطول الإجمالي لهذه الأسوار حوالي 7كم حيث بنى السور الرئيس بكامل ارتفاعه بالحجر مع استخدام شطف الحجارة الصغيرة لاتزان الأحجار الكبيرة وتكسيه طبقة من اللياسة الطينية .

"Dir'aiyah:Dir'aiyah or Al-Diriyah is on the north-west of Riyadh, on the west bank of Wadi Hanifa. It is an ancient town dating back to the middle of the 19th century Hijiri when Gusaibah Manie Bin Rabiah Al-Meridi quarter was established (the oldest quarter of Dir'aiyah) – named after a relative of the son of Darie who is the owner of the Yammama Stone. Ever since, the town has been expanding due to the importance of its geographical centrality in the Arabian Peninsula. By the middle of 12th century Hejiri (18th century G) Imam Mohammed Bin Abdulwahab – who was born in the family of Al Saud, arrived into Dir'aiyah, the character of Imam Mohammed Bin Saud is the best one supporting advocating the Sunnah, (the way of life of Prophet Mohammed (pbu)), Muhammadiyah, hence reverting to the way of Islam. Thus, as if Allah wanted to make Dir'aiyah the Center for guidance and a starting point for the proud nation building.The most famous parts of old Dir'aiyah is the Turaif Quarter, which is remarkably preserved. This was the headquarters of the Saudi royal family. The walls of the Shura, with some defensive forts were built during the era of Imam Abdul-Aziz bin Mohammed bin Saud to avert the threat of enemy to the Shura. The total length of these walls is about 7 kilometers, where the main wall is built to full height with the use of small washing stones balancing the larger stones and plastered with layers of mud.

لمزيد من المعلومات: http://www.scta.gov.sa

comments powered by Disqus
More About Middle East

Modern civilization began right here in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley. Also known as the Fertile Crescent or Mesopotamia, this is the place where, six thousand years ago, agriculture, writing and mathematics were brought into widespread use.The term "Middle East" comes from the British navy, which used it to describe the countries on the trade route from Europe to India and China. Everything from Afghanistan to Morocco may possibly be classified as "middle eastern", depending on whom you ask -- and when.Only a partial list of past Empires in the middle eastern territory includes Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, the Ottoman Empire and the Roman Empire!When northern Europe was still lurking about in slimy cold stone castles playing chess, the Middle East was enjoying the flowers of poetry, luxurious craftsmanship, music and literature. In fact, the Renaissance in Europe was partly inspired by stories brought back from the middle east by travelers along the trade route.Strategic location, religious history and the world's largest supply of crude oil have kept the Middle East at the center of world activity for centuries. The saga continues.Text by Steve Smith.