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Eglise Saint-Paul et Saint-François-Xavier à Bordeaux - France

Eglise Saint-Paul et Saint-François-Xavier  -  de 1663 à 1672  -  Architecte : Frère Mathurin Biziou  -  calcaire

En 1662, les jésuites implantés dans la ville depuis 1572, entreprennent sur une partie de l'emplacement de l'ancien hôtel de la Mairerie, résidence des maires, de remplacer la chapelle de leur maison professe devenue trop exiguë. La pose de la première pierre de la future église paroissiale Saint-Paul-et-Saint-Françoi-Xavier a lieu le 19 novembre 1663. La bénédiction de l'édifice, par l'archevêque Henri de Béthune le 22 mai 1676, clôt la construction, dont l'ensemble est attribué au frère Mathurin Biziou. Comme l'église Notre-Dame, l'église des pères jésuites reprend le schéma du Gesù de Rome. L'édification du clocher dans l'angle sud-est entre 1853 et 1855 par l'architecte Burguet complète l'ensemble. (Cl. M. H. 1997)


(Le patrimoine des communes de la Gironde, FLOHIC éditions, 2001)

Copyright: Pascal Moulin
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8998x4499
Taken: 07/04/2011
Uploaded: 09/04/2011


Tags: bordeaux
More About France

France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.Text by Steve Smith.