Denbigh Castle is one of the lesser known fortresses instigated by the 'castle-building' King Edward I as part of his 13th century campaigns against the Welsh. Its construction was overseen by Henry de Lacy, one of the king’s chief commanders, on the same site as a previous strategic stronghold of Dafydd ap Gruffudd, the Welsh leader defeated by Edward in 1282.
The castle’s impressive triple-towered Great Gatehouse, the work of Master James of St George, the architect responsible for all of Edward’s major castles in North Wales, is considered the most sophisticated gatehouse of the century.
The castle has been the setting for two Welsh uprisings and it also saw siege action during the 15th century Wars of the Roses and the 17th century English Civil War. Today the castle ruins and town walls are maintained by the Welsh heritage agency, Cadw.
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor. The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000. Wales itself has a population of around 3 million. The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.