Halfway between Taksim Square and Tunel Square along Istiklal Caddesi in Istanbul’s Beyoglu district is Galatasaray Square, named for Galatasaray (” Galata Palace”), the first official European-influenced high school in the Ottoman Empire.You can easily recognize the square by the huge wrought-iron-and-gilt gates to the Galatasaray Lisesi on the Southeast side of Istiklal Caddesi. Galatasaray Square is where the nostalgic Istiklal Caddesi tram cars pass one another on the ride between Taksim and Tunel. It’s also the mid-point stop on the route, so you can get out here.
Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey and the third largest city in the world. The city covers 27 districts of the Istanbul province.It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world which is situated on two continents. In its long history, Istanbul served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), the East Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.