The ruined remains of Grosmont, along with the close by Skenfrith and White Castles, were built on earlier Norman fortifications to dominate the border region between England and South Wales. The so-called ‘Three Castles’ were operated as a single defensive unit under the control of an English Marcher Lord.
Grosmont, which derives it’s name from the French ‘gros mont’ meaning ‘big hill’, saw a number of Welsh rebellions against their English overlords, surviving its final siege in 1405. As castles fell out of favour as both fortifications and dwelling places, Grosmont was already an abandoned ruin by the 16th century.
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor. The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000. Wales itself has a population of around 3 million. The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.