حمام علیقلی آقا اصفهان
بیش از 300 سال قدمت ساخت از حمام های قدیمی شهر اصفهان است
Hammam-e Ali Gholi Agha
Ali Gholi Agha, one of the high ranking court officials at the last Safavid king Shah Sultan Hussein, built a bath house, bazaar and mosque in the quarter with the same name. This has recently been renovated by the municipality of Esfahan and is now open to visitors. There is also a bathhouse that is considered to be the most attractive in Iran. After renovation, it has been turned into an ethnological museum containing waxworks. The bath house has two parts, private and public. The decorations are polychrome tile and faience mosaic from the 17th century Safavid era but the murals are from the 19th century Qajarid and the 20th century Pahlavid dynasties. They were considered as public buildings and were located in the centre of quarters, along the bazaar axis next to mosques and caravanserais. Hammam were used by both genders at different hours. The bathhouse consisted of two main sections; Sarbineh section or the cloak room of the bathhouse and Garmkhaneh section which was the pleasantly warm bathing place. This bathhouse had water pools with a desirable temperature and it had diving boards. The water needed for bathhouses was supplied through water well and a special place was dedicated to it, called Gav Chah. This was a corridor with a slight slope in which a cow or bull walked and pulled up a leather bucket filled with water from a well, using this cow power a water reservoir was filled. From there the water was transferred to the ponds of the bathhouse through baked clay pipes and in this way the continuous need for water would be satisfied.
History and OverviewIsfahan is located in central Iran, equidistant from the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. It sits on both the east-west and north-south trade routes which traverse the country.Isfahan has artifacts dating back to the Paleolithic period, and written history going back to ancient Aspandana. At one time Isfahan was among the largest cities in the world.It has twice been the capital city of Persia -- during the Parthian Empire and again in the sixteenth century Safavid dynasty. It was here that the Safavids declared Shi'a Islam to be the empire's official religion, one of the most important markers in Islamic history.Modern day Isfahan has one of the largest steel mills in the region, an air force base and a major oil refinery. The art and architecture in Isfahan rival anything else in the world in terms of beauty and intricacy.Getting ThereThe airport is found 20km to the north-east of the city; you can reach it by taxi or bus. The airport shuttle bus goes to and from Enghelab-e Eslami Square.TransportationIt costs about 4500 rials to hire a taxi for an hour, and it's a good idea to grab one if you plan on visiting some of the more distant sights.The main bus station is about 2km north of Shohoda Square. Here you can get buses to other cities in Iran, like Yazd or Tehran. Once a week a bus goes up to Istanbul.People and CultureIranians are extremely hospitable and a growing number of them speak English, so it is possible to get by on a visit without needing to speak Farsi.As always, it's a good idea to familiarize yourself with the local customs before visiting a new place. In Iran, for example, it's not polite to blow your nose in company and it is not customary for men and women to shake hands. It is better to err on the side of caution if you are not sure how to avoid offending someone.The local currency is the rial, however locals speak about prices in tomans (one toman = ten rials). The rial is about 12,000IRR to the Euro as of February 2009 so you can see why they have a term for reducing the number by a factor of ten. US dollars and British pounds are the best currencies to bring with you, and be sure to declare all your currency at customs when you enter the country.The food in Iran favors fresh vegetables and fruits along with long grain rice, bread and grilled meats. Kebab is the the most common preparation of meat, did you know that came from Iran?Keep an eye out for Abgoosht, it's a thick lamb stew with lentils and potatos, served with bread in a special container.Things to do, RecommendationsThe Zayande Roud River is a nice place to go for a walk in some open space.Visit Naghshe Jahan square for the craftsmen's shops displaying amazing handiwork. Make sure you get some Gaz, it's the special candy of Isfahan, delicious!Before it's too hot in the mid-day, go for a walk at Najvan Park, it offers amazing views and a deep silent atmosphere.When you're ready to do some shopping there are several malls to pick from. Mojtame Park, Osun and Ali Ghapou malls are all located in Chaharbagh Abbasi Street. These are great for clothes, flowers, electronics etc.Jewelry time! Honor Gold Bazzar is a very big one-floor shopping mall where you can find all types of yellow and white gold, as well as silver. 18k gold is the standard of Iran.The Isfahan Old Bazzar is here at the end of the list because we like to save the best for last. This market sells everything you could want and then more. It's very beautiful to visit even if you aren't planning on buying anything, situated in the western wing of Naghshe Jahan Square.Text by Steve Smith.