대한민국 정부수립의 태동기인 1947. 10. 15일 본 군의 유일한 공립초급중학교로 발족, 화순군 농회 건잠장을 가교사로 개교하여 1951. 7. 14 제 1회 졸업생 114명을 처녀 배출하였으며, 그 후 화순군 화순읍 문창우씨의 노력과 협조로 부지 확보와 교사 증축 및 부속건물을 시설하였으며 1951. 8. 31일 화순군 농업고등학교를 병설하여 이 고장 지역 사회의 배움의 전당으로써 발전하던 중 6.25 동란으로 교사의 2/3가 소실되었음. 한 때는 화순읍 각 부락 공회당을 전전하면서 학생을 지도해야할 형편이었으나, 1956. 5. 8일 소실했던 교사를 전체 복구하였음. 그 후 화순농업고등학교는 학생정원 부족으로 1961. 6. 30일 제 9회 졸업생을 끝으로 폐교되고 단일중학교로 운영하던중 1970. 3. 1 화순여자중학교로 여학생을 분리시켰음.
2000년 남녀공학을 실시, 2012년 62회 졸업으로 총 13,700여명의 졸업생을 배출하였다.
Korea is one of the oldest continuous civilizations in the world with over five thousand years of history. According to the original creation myth, the world we live in today is the work of the Heavenly Prince Hwanung, whose father was the King of Heaven.The Heavenly Prince asked his father to give him some land to govern, so the Father sent him down to Mount Taebaek. With him the Prince brought the Minister of Clouds, the Earl of Rain and the Chancellor of Wind. They also brought three thousand helpers.Under the shade of a sandalwood tree the Prince founded a holy city called Sinsi, the City of God. He put his Ministers in charge of three hundred and sixty areas of human culture, teaching them to grow crops and to make laws concerning what is good and what is evil.A tiger and a bear living in a nearby cave saw this city and desperately wanted to become human. Every day they came to the sandalwood tree at the center of the city to pray fervently for becoming humans.Hwanung saw their devotion and gave them instructions to remain in the cave and fast for one month, eating nothing but garlic and mugwort. The tiger was too impatient to stand the long and boring days in the cave, so he gave up and left, but Bear maintained the fast. At the end of the month she was transformed into a beautiful woman who became the mother of the Korean people.Her first son was Don-gun, the First King of the Korean people. When Don-Gun passed on the throne to his own son, he became a Mountain God. It is interesting that mountain gods are still worshipped today in Korea.Text by Steve Smith.