The Ice Piers or Ice Breakers of New Castle were constructed from 1804 to 1882. They are a legacy of the days of wooden ships and were constructed, initially by public donations and subsequently by the U. S. Corps of Army Engineers, to protect the wooden hulls of ships from ice floes running up and down river with the tides. They were listed on the National Historic Register in 1982, and are recognized as perhaps the first national public works project. They are constructed of courses of granite on top of a submerged wooden platform supported by a rubble filled crib. They have survived for up to 200 years, the last 100 without maintenance. They are now being damaged by waves from ship traffic.
For more information about the ice breakers, click here.
The United States is one of the most diverse countries on earth, jam packed full of amazing sights from St. Patrick's cathedral in New York to Mount Hollywood California.The Northeast region is where it all started. Thirteen British colonies fought the American Revolution from here and won their independence in the first successful colonial rebellion in history. Take a look at these rolling hills carpeted with foliage along the Hudson river here, north of New York City.The American south is known for its polite people and slow pace of life. Probably they move slowly because it's so hot. Southerners tend not to trust people from "up north" because they talk too fast. Here's a cemetery in Georgia where you can find graves of soldiers from the Civil War.The West Coast is sort of like another country that exists to make the east coast jealous. California is full of nothing but grizzly old miners digging for gold, a few gangster rappers, and then actors. That is to say, the West Coast functions as the imagination of the US, like a weird little brother who teases everybody then gets famous for making freaky art.The central part of the country is flat farmland all the way over to the Rocky Mountains. Up in the northwest corner you can find creative people in places like Portland and Seattle, along with awesome snowboarding and good beer. Text by Steve Smith.