The Great Wall first pillar located at Jiayuguan Guan Cheng south 7 kilometers place, here is the Ming Dynasty Great Wall west end Taiwan pillar beginning. The first pillar prepared Li Hanzhu by the Ming Dynasty Gansu town Suzhou soldier in Jiajing 18 years (in 1539), original station manager, width Gao Junwei 14 meters, assumed the square pyramid, after the wind and rain washout, the partial quaywalls collapsed destroys, causes extant Taiwan to stand according to the wall, the wonderful danger was incomparable, to protect this precious history to remain, in recent years the Jiayuguan investment fund has constructed the first pillar north side more than 30 meter Great Wall city walls successively in the style of antiquity, and gave the surrounding protection to the first pillar establishment guard rail. The passenger may be grieved desolate Leng Mu in the first pillar the history, and understands the Gobi vast desert scenery.
Old is Yongzhou Gansu provincial capital Lanzhou. Located in the upper Yellow River, located in the geographical center of China, between latitude 32 ° 31 '~ 42 ° 57', longitude 92 ° 13 '~ 108 ° 46' between. It is the east, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Sichuan controlled South, West Hill Xinjiang, brief Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, is the ancient Silk Road of the key sections of land and gold, and with the Mongolian border, it was like a magnificent gem, set in central China the Loess Plateau, Qinghai and Inner Mongolia plateau, something more than 1,600 kilometers meandering, aspect 453,700 square kilometers, accounting for 4.72% of the total area. Population 26 million (968 million in 1949), Han, Hui, Tibetan, Dongxiang, Yugu, Baoan, Mongolian, Kazak, Tu, Salar, Manchu and other ethnic groups. Among them, the Dongxiang, Yugur, Bonan is a minority of Gansu.