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Mt Hiei

Le mont Hiei (比叡山, Hiei-zan?) est une montagne située au nord-est de la ville de Kyōto, aux frontières entre les préfectures de Kyōto et de Shiga, Japon.

Le mont est célèbre pour ses temples, Enryaku-ji, et le Mii-dera, premiers avant-postes du Bouddhisme Tendai. L'Enryaku-ji a été fondé au sommet du Mont Hiei par Saichō en 788. Le complexe de temples a été rasé par Nobunaga Oda en 1571 pour contrer la montée en puissance des moines guerriers (Sōhei) qui protégeaient les temples, mais a été reconstruit par la suite. Il reste aujourd'hui le principal temple du bouddhisme Tendai. Le Mii-dera, lui, se trouve au pied du mont, et a été fondé par l'empereur Temmu en 672.
Le mont a donné son nom à un croiseur japonais qui a été coulé pendant la bataille de Guadalcanal en 1942.


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Copyright: Bertrand Jonckman
Type: Cylindrical
Resolution: 18934x2244
Taken: 21/10/2011
Uploaded: 21/06/2012
Updated: 30/03/2015


Tags: 比叡山; mt; hiei
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