Nanjing gazes the garden: south of Yangzi River of a Nanjing four given name gardens gazes the garden is a Nanjing extant history most long botanical garden, already over 600 advanced ages. Gazes the garden to gaze garden road 208 located at Nanjing, also calls the Ming Dynasty the palace and Taiping Heavenly Kingdom history abundant the thing hall. Because the Ming Dynasty first year, Zhu Yuanzhang reads person who has rendered meritorious service Xu to reach “has not had dwells peace”, gave ZhongshanWang Xu to reach especially has completed this mansion garden. Initially when changes the Jiangning provincial adminstrative commissioner department yamen clear, Emperor Qianlong the southern tour, two times to gazed the garden tour, and own handwriting painted “gazed the garden” the inscribed horizontal tablet. Now as before preserves the rocky ledge and the Chinese wisteria, were had more than 600 years history. after in 1853 the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom established the capital in Nanjing, after south 1853 the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom established the capital in the Beijing, here successively depended Chinese-English's palace garden for east king Yang Xiuqing and Prime Minister Xia Guan. The clear Tongzhi three years (in 1864) the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Tianjing defended the war, this garden destroyed in the havoc of war. Tongzhi, Guangxu Dynasty two repairs, but garden scenery far inferior old look. in 1960, our country famous ancient constructed expert Professor Liu Duizhen to manage gazes the garden the restoration entire to construct the work, not only retained the original pattern characteristic, moreover fully has also utilized Suzhou the historic garden research results, weeded through the old to bring forth the new, creatively inherited and has developed our country outstanding landscape gardening art.