The Nisga'a Memorial Lava Beds Provincial Park (Anhluut'ukwsim Laxmihl Angwinga'asanskwhl Nisga'a)was established in 1992 to protect the Tsaex Cone lava beds located near New Aiyansh, British Columbia in the Nass River Valley. The region is part of the Nisga'a Nation, whose ancestors witnessed the eruption of the Tsaex Cone in the 18th Century, which poured lava 20km downstream into the valley, blocking the Tsaex River creating Lava Lake & realtering the direction of the Nass River. In addition, the lava flows destroyed the Nisga'a villages of Wii Lax K'abit and Lax Ksiluux. While the lava was slow enough for villagers to outrun, they fell victim to the volcano's poisonous gases which swept down the valley & asphyxiated an estimated 2,000 people, resulting in one of the deadliest eruptions in Canadian history & in North America for the matter (for comparison, the 1980 Mt. St. Helens eruption killed 57). Today the park features lava tubes, tree molds, pahoehoe flows, aa flows, & other interesting lava formations, plus decent views of the nearby glaciated peaks in the Coast Mountains if it's a nice day. Removal of lava is prohibited & guided tours to the Tsaex Cone about 20km from this location are offered for a fee. Here there was a constant gale from the west coming from the Nass Bay fjord, a pleasant temperature.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa, in the province of Ontario. There are offically ten provinces and three territories in Canada, which is the second largest country in the world in terms of land area.While politically and legally an independant nation, the titular head of state for Canada is still Queen Elizabeth.On the east end of Canada, you have Montreal as the bastion of activity. Montreal is famous for two things, VICE magazine and the Montreal Jazz Festival. One is the bible of hipster life (disposable, of course) and the other is a world-famous event that draws more than two million people every summer. Quebec is a French speaking province that has almost seceded from Canada on several occasions, by the way..When you think of Canada, you think of . . . snow, right?But not on the West Coast. In Vancouver, it rains. And you'll find more of the population speaking Mandarin than French (but also Punjabi, Tagalog, Korean, Farsi, German, and much more).Like the other big cities in Canada, Vancouver is vividly multicultural and Vancouverites are very, very serious about their coffee.Your standard Vancouverite can be found attired head-to-toe in Lululemon gear, mainlining Cafe Artigiano Americanos (spot the irony for ten points).But here's a Vancouver secret only the coolest kids know: the best sandwiches in the city aren't found downtown. Actually, they're hidden in Edgemont Village at the foot of Grouse Mountain on the North Shore."It's actually worth coming to Canada for these sandwiches alone." -- Michelle Superle, VancouverText by Steve Smith.