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Pozzo di San Patrizio (St. Patrick well)
Italy
Located in the beautiful cliff-side city of Orvieto, Italy, the Pozzo di San Patrizio is an engineering marvel designed to obtain water from the depths of the bluff where the city sits. Curiously, the Pozzo di San Patrizio resulted in central Italy due to a possible conflict. First, an extraordinary fact about the ancient town of Orvieto is that it did not have a constant supply of fresh water. It was an impressive fortress-city in central Italy built upon a ridge formation. Orvieto's location on top of a bluff of sheer volcanic rock served as a defensive site and papal refuge in ancient times. In peacetime, gushing spring water could easily be obtained at the base of the cliff. Rainwater was not an option in this part of Italy, as it soon evaporated in the porous limestone base of the cliff called tufa. In 1527, Pope Clement VII faced political turmoil when he would not maintain favorable relations with Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor. The encounter with the papacy in Italy reached its crucial point when the emperor's underpaid and rebellious troops staged a mutiny and marched on Rome .
Copyright: Marco Gioia
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 8362x4181
Taken: 23/09/2015
Uploaded: 23/09/2015
Updated: 13/10/2015
Views:

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Tags: architecture; well; travel; italy
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More About Italy

The name "Italy" is shrouded in mystery; some etymologists trace it to a Greek word meaning "the land of young cattle."Italy was fond of Jupiter and Mars from the very start, Jupiter for fatherly good luck and Mars for war!But it all began with Rome. Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus who were sons of Rhea and Mars.The twins were abandoned at birth out of a fear that they would grow up and later overthrow Amelius, usurper of their grandfather's rightful throne.Wrongful mis-doings most foul! Treachery and sabotage!! HOW would these two blessed infants make their way in such a world?As it turns out, the twins didn't have to make their way very far, because one of them killed the other one and then they weren't twins anymore. But that happens later.First they got rescued by a she-wolf who suckled them with her milk and raised them as her own until they were discovered by the shepherd Faustulus.Faustulus fed them meat and bread and also raised them as his own until they were old enough to return to Amelius and hack him up as planned. They reinstated the grandfather Numitor to his rightful throne and went off to celebrate by starting a town of their own.They chose a hilly area where the mama wolf had saved them from certain death in the barren wilderness and began scouting locations.Romulus liked one hill. Remus liked another. The circle of crows like Romulus' hill, so Romulus killed Remus and named the town after himself. Thus Rome was born and Italy with it.Text by Steve Smith.