اسطوره واکنشی از ناتوانی انسان در مقابله با درماندگی ها و ضعف او در برآوردن آرزوها و ترس از حوادث
انسان از ابتدا به منظور رهایی از این ضعف ها و حتی سیطره بر طبیعت و محیط اطرافش به برگزاری آیین ها و به
کاربردن افسون و طلسم دست برد تا خواست خود را بر طبیعت تحمیل کند و طبیعت را مجبور نماید زیر فرمان او
باشد . یکی از این عناصر قدرتمند طبیعت آب بوده و هست.
آب به سبب حیاتی بودنش در تفکر اسطوره ای اکثر مردمان در بالاترین جایگاه قرار گرفته است، از یک سو
نماد زایش و زایندگی است و هر تولد تازه ای پاکی و تقدس و قدرت تازه ای است و سوی دیگر نماد تطهیر و
پالایش است، به گونه ای که با غوطه ور شدن در آب تکرار عمل تجلی صورت در آفرینش کیهانی امکان می¬پذیرد.
این پالایندگی جسم و روح توسط آب، به گونه ای است که با هر بار از آب گذشتن تولد تازه ای وقوع میابد و
این تجدید حیات با شستن گناهان همراه است و انسان مانند یک کودک بیگناه دوباره به دنیا برمی¬گردد اما این
زندگی دوباره آیا خیر و نیکی را در پی خواهد داشت و یا شر و بدی را دنبال می¬کند.
یک آیین نیک هم همیشه نمی تواند ویژگی اهورایی خود را حفظ کند، بلکه نتیجه خیر یا شر بودن یک آیین را
اندیشه و باور کسانی که آن را به کار می بندند، مشخص می¬کند. هر آنچه که در این گیتی از ازل تا ابد به وجود
آدمی متکی بوده است یا زایده ی فکر آدمی ست، قابلیت تغییر دارد چه به دست خالق یا مخلوق آن، خواه این تغییربه سمت خیر باشد خواه شر، باز هم پیروان خاص خود را دارد.
Myth stems from human reaction to troubles, his frailty to make his dreams come true and his fear of inevitable incidents.
Human has always been using magic, and celebrating rituals and festivities, in order to escape from his weakness and to dominate the environment and nature. Thus, he can dictate his demands to the nature and keep it on a leash. Water has been and still is one of the most powerful elements of nature controlled by human being.
Water, as it is vital to life, is of the greatest significance in mythical thought among people. It is a symbol of birth and fertility, and each birth brings with it a new holiness, purity and power. It is also a symbol of sanctification and purgation as it is plunging in the water that makes the repetition of cosmic creation of human body, possible.
In the process of body purification, each time a body goes through the water, a new birth happens and through this rebirth, the sins are washed away, and human, will reborn as an innocent child. But is this new life going to entail good or evil?
Even a good religion is unable to preserve its divine traits forever, for the good or evil of a religion lies in the thoughts and beliefs of the people practicing it. From the first day of creation, anything that depends on the human existence or arises from his mind, is subject to alteration, whether by the hands of the creator or the creature, whether it is towards good or evil, it will still have its own followers.
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.