به افتخار معصومه سیحون
هنر مدرن ایران مدیون تلاش و فداکاری چند نام بیادماندنی است که «معصومه سیحون» یکی از درخشانترین آنهاست. او که از معدود نقاشان زن نوگرای زمان خود بود، به ویژه از روزگاری که «گالری سیحون» را برقرار ساخت تأثیر ماندگار خود را در هنر ایران آغاز کرد؛ کشوری که به سمت توسعه گام بر میداشت و در تمامی عرصهها در جستجوی تجدد بود. هنر ایران برای این مکاشفه به کسانی نیاز داشت که در حین جستجوی مفهوم نوگرایی، ریشه خود را از فرهنگ و اندیشه سرزمین مادری قطع نکنند و رو به تقلید و پیروی محض نیاورند.
این کار به ویژه زمانی دشوارتر شد که هنر ایران، تجربه انقلاب اسلامی را از سر گذراند و مفاهیم تجدد و نوگرایی در این مرحله به چالش کشیده شد. در تمام سالهای پس از انقلاب، معصومه سیحون، نشسته در کنج گالری کوچکش، دنیای وسیعی از هنرمندان را تحت پوشش و راهنمایی خود گرفت تا آرام آرام و گزیده گزیده درک و معرفت عصر جدید شکل گرفت.
ایستاده بر شش دهه تجربه و دانایی و خمیده از قهر روزگار، هیچگاه از تلاش نایستاد. اتفاقی در این عرصه نبود که او از آن بیخبر مانده باشد یا تجربهای که در این صحنه از سر نگذرانده باشد. جوانهای سالهای بعد، نمیدانند و بعید است که این دوره را به سادگی دریابند؛ اما آنها که باتجربهتر هستند و به خصوص کسانی که با او حشر و نشر داشتهاند و به ادب در مقابلش ایستاده بودند از هر فرصتی برای تجدید احترام دوباره غفلت نمیکنند.
چنین است که امسال گروه محترمی از عکاسان ایرانی به ابتکار نادر سیحون و همکاری من و سیفالله صمدیان مجموعه عکسهایی را ارائه کردهاند که قرار است تحت عنوان «سفید مانند سیحون» به نمایش درآیند، چون فرصت همیشه برای «ادای احترام» مغتنم است.
A Tribute to Masoumeh Seyhoun
Iran’s modern art is deeply indebted to the efforts and devotion of some unforgettable names among whom » Masoumeh Seyhoun « is one of the most outstanding. She, one of the rare avant-garde woman painters of her own time, began a lasting impact on Iranian art since the foundation of Seyhoun Art Gallery. Iran, a country marching toward modernist developments and seeking progression in all fields, needed people who would both remain faithful to the traditionional and cultural roots of their home country in this search for innovativeness and restrain from adopting a sheer immitation and westernisation.
This task became harder especially when Iranian art experienced the effects of the 1979 Islamic Revolution that challenged modernist ideas of progress and change. In all the subsequent years after the Islmaic Revolution, Masoumeh Seyhoun, in the corner of her small gallery, patrozined a large number of artists till the appreciation and erudition of the new age took shape gradually and painstakingly.
Upstanding still after six decades of experinece and wisdom but crooked in the face of the hostilities of the times, she never ceased her attempts. There were no artistic events she hadn’t knowledge of nor any aesthetic experineces she had not gained. The youth of the later years neither know nor can easily understand this period, but those who are their elders, especially those who have seen her, worked with her and respected her highly, never lose a chance to renew their revernce for her.
And therefore, upon Nader Seyhoun’s suggestion and with the collaboration between Seyfollah Samadian and I, a group of honorable Iranian photographers have presented their photos in a collection called »White Like Seyhoun« in Masoumeh Seyhoun’s honor becausechances for paying homage to people such as her are incomparable and little.
نمایشگاه گروهی با عنوان " چهارمین اردیبهشت " به مناسبت چهارمین سالگرد درگذشت " معصومه سیحون " اردیبهشت 1393 گالری سیحون
Overview and HistoryTehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range.Although archaeological evidence places human activity around Tehran back into the years 6000BC, the city was not mentioned in any writings until much later, in the thirteenth century. It's a relatively new city by Iranian standards.But Tehran was a well-known village in the ninth century. It grew rapidly when its neighboring city, Rhages, was destroyed by Mongolian raiders. Many people fled to Tehran.In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years.The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city's cultural history.The city at present is laid out in two general parts. Northern Tehran is more cosmopolitan and expensive, southern Tehran is cheaper and gets the name "downtown."Getting ThereMehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back.TransportationTehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here.The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI.Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.People and CultureMore than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country.Things to do, RecommendationsTake the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop "Panzda Gordad". There you can find anything and everything -- shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there.If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh.Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.Tehran is also full of museums such as:the Contemporary Art Museumthe Abghine Musuem (glass works)the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museumthe museum of carpets (!!!)Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniaturesand most stunning of all,the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.Text by Steve Smith.