The small town of Rainbow with a population of 500 is 400 kilometres north-west of Melbourne and 428 kilometres east of Adelaide in the Victorian shire of Hindmarsh. Rainbow grew around the railhead which was established in 1900. Today the railway line carries only freight trains and buses remain the only public transport.
Victoria is Australia's second smallest State and covers only 3% of Australia's land area but has the second highest population of all States and Territories. Victoria's mainland and islands have a total length of 2,512 kilometres coastline which is about 4.2% of Australia's 59,736 kilometres of coastline. Australia is the driest inhabited continent and Victoria is no exception although the state capital Melbourne has the reputation to have 4 seasons in one day. Victoria is located in the southeast of mainland Australia and includes the most southern point on mainland Australia at Wilsons Promontory National Park.