The abbey at Valle Crucis was founded in 1201. Its name, meaning Valley of the Cross, is taken from a stone pillar located nearby which was erected in the 9th century in honour of Eilseg, a Welsh chieftain. It was the last of 14 Cistercian monasteries to be built in Wales during the medieval period.
The abbey endured fire, plague and rebellion but finally closed in 1537 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries. By this time it had become the second richest in Wales.
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor. The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000. Wales itself has a population of around 3 million. The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.