Tophane Fountain is located in Tophane,on the European side of Istanbul. It is built by Sultan Mahmut I in 1732.It is the third biggest fountain of Istanbul and it has the highest walls.The epigraph belongs to Nafihi and the fountain is called I Mahmut Han Fountain.
It is surrounded by Kilic Ali Pasa Mosque, Nusretiye Mosque and embankments.It is now far from the coast of Marmara Sea ,as the sea was filled by the time.Four side of the fountain are the same as each other,arcitechually.By the opening of the fountain Taksim Water system is activated.
Tophane Fountain was restorated two times.Fruit trees and flowers in the vase are the motives on the fountain.Motives are naturmort(still life).Valens of the fountain reflects the characteristics of 1730’s.
Istanbul (historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see the other names of Istanbul) is the largest city of Turkey and the third largest city in the world. The city covers 27 districts of the Istanbul province.It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world which is situated on two continents. In its long history, Istanbul served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), the East Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin Empire (1204–1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922). The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.