a temple complex located in the city of Thebes, the ancient capital of Egypt during the time of the new kingdom.
Thebes is located on the East bank of the Nile river.
The temple was begun by the Pharoah Amenhotep III and was completed by Tutankhamen, after completion the temple complex was continually developed by other pharaohs like Ramsses II and outside conquers like Alexander the Great.
Temples during the new kingdom were constructed as places of religious worship dedicated to certain gods of the Ancient Egyptians. The Luxor temple was dedicated to the king of the Egyptian gods Amon-Ra.
The Luxor Temple is constructed of sandstone blocks from Nubia in south west Egypt, the temple complex is surrounded by mud brick walls symbolic of the separation between the world and the secret ground of the gods.
Temple design of the new kingdom exhibited a set of common design features in temple construction, one must first pass through the Pylon to enter the temple. The Pylon is the entrance to the temple a gateway to outer courtyard of the temple complex built by Ramsses II. Not just anyone could enter the temple complex, Only the Pharaoh, Priest and other officials are allowed.
The pylon at Luxor is guarded by the statues of Ramsses II and sitting on the each side of the entrance, two stones Obelisks also mark the entrance to the luxor temple, there is only one still stands today.
Part of the Holy Land, Egypt offers a fascinating mixture of ancient pyramids, temples and other religious monuments. There are numerous possibilities to explore Egypt from desert treks to trips down the Nile or scuba diving in the Red Sea and along the Sinai coast. Cairo, which means “The Triumphant”, is home to the pyramids, sphinx and over 17 million residents within its metropolitan area. Luxor is often described as the world’s largest open air museum, built on the ancient city of Thebes. The Karnak temple complex, located near Luxor, is a collection of ancient temples, chapels and various other buildings.
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