The village of Mykines is the only village on the island of Mykines. During summer the population is higher as families who used to live on the island return to their houses there to spend their summer-vacation. Mykines is popular with tourists. They come to experience Mykines-holmur, which is the main-attraction on the island. Mykines-holmur is a freestanding rock that is connected to Mykines by a small steal bridge in an altitude of 35 meters. The rock is inhabited by thousands of seabirds. In order to reach Mykines by boat the weather has to be quite nice. As this is not always the case in the Faroe Islands the island used to be isolated for weeks. The ferry ‘Sulan’ visits Mykines 1-3 times a week from 1st of May to 1st of November. During winter there is no ferry to Mykines. Nowadays it is possible to reach Mykines 3 times a week by helicopter. A ‘stone forest’ can be found on Mykines. It consists of 55-meter high columns of basalt (stone). Tradition says that a real forest was to be found on Mykines in the old days. Then the King of Norway wanted people to pay taxes because they had this forest. The people lied to him and told him that there were no forests on their island. Hence the forest turned into stone.
Location and size Situated in the heart of the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic at 62°00’N, the Faroe Islands lie northwest of Scotland and halfway between Iceland and Norway. The archipelago is composed of 18 islands covering 1399 km2 (545.3 sq.miles) and is 113 km (70 miles) long and 75 km (47 miles) wide, roughly in the shape of an arrowhead. There are 1100 km (687 miles) of coastline and at no time is one more than 5 km (3 miles) away from the ocean. The highest mountain is 882 m (2883 ft) above sea level and the average height above sea level for the country is 300 m (982 ft). Climate The weather is maritime and quite changeable, from moments of brilliant sunshine to misty hill fog, to showers. The Gulf Stream encircling the islands tempers the climate. The harbours never freeze and the temperature in winter time is very moderate considering the high latitude. Snowfall occurs, but is shortlived. The average temperature ranges from 3°C in winter to 11°C in the summer. In sheltered areas, the temperature can be much higher, but the air is always fresh and clean no matter what the season. Population The population is 48.520 (1st April 2008). About 19,400 people live in the metropolitan area which comprises Tórshavn, Kirkjubøur, Velbastaður, Nólsoy, Hestur, Koltur, Hoyvík, Argir, Kaldbak, Kaldbaksbotnur, Norðradalur, Syðradalur, Hvítanes, Sund, Kollafjørður, Signabøur and Oyrareingir, while about 4,700 people live in Klaksvík, the second largest town in the Faroe Islands. Form of Government Since 1948, the Faroe Islands have been a self governing region of the Kingdom of Denmark. It has its own parliament and its own flag. It is not, however, a member of the European Union and all trade is governed by special treaties. Languages Spoken Faroese is the national language and is rooted in Old Norse. Nordic languages are readily understood by most Faroese, and English is also widely spoken, especially among the younger people. Religion Religion plays an important part in Faroese culture and over 80% of the population belong to the established church, the EvangelicalLutheran. 10% of the population belong to the Christian Brethren (Plymouth Brethren). Industry The fishing industry is the most important source of income for the Faroes. Fish products account for over 97% of the export volume. Tourism is the second largest industry, followed by woollen and other manufactured products.