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Lucca, Italy Piazza Anfiteatro
Lucca
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: Italy, officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate; due to its shape, it is often referred to in Italy as lo Stivale (the Boot). With 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth most populous EU member state. Since classical times, ancient Carthaginians, Phoenicians, and Greeks established settlements in the south of Italy, with Etruscans and Celts inhabiting the centre and north of Italy respectively and various different Italic tribes and peoples dispersed throughout the country. The Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom, which eventually became a republic that conquered and assimilated other nearby civilisations. Rome ultimately emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean basin, conquering much of the ancient world and becoming the leading cultural, political, and religious centre of Western civilisation. The legacy of the Roman Empire is widespread and can be observed in the global distribution of civilian law, republican governments, Christianity and the Latin script. At the Lucca Conference, in 56 BC, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus reaffirmed their political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. Piazza dell'Anfiteatro and the Basilica of San Frediano Frediano, an Irish monk, was bishop of Lucca in the early sixth century. At one point, Lucca was plundered by Odoacer, the first Germanic King of Italy. Lucca was an important city and fortress even in the sixth century, when Narses besieged it for several months in 553. Under the Lombards, it was the seat of a duke who minted his own coins. The Holy Face of Lucca (or Volto Santo), a major relic supposedly carved by Nicodemus, arrived in 742. During the eighth-tenth centuries Lucca was a center of Jewish life, the community being led by the Kalonymos family (which at some point during this time migrated to Germany to become a major component of proto-Ashkenazic Jewry). Lucca became prosperous through the silk trade that began in the eleventh century, and came to rival the silks of Byzantium. During the tenth–eleventh centuries Lucca was the capital of the feudal margraviate of Tuscany, more or less independent but owing nominal allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor.
Copyright: Frank Ellmerich
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 12000x6000
Taken: 19/08/2019
送信日: 29/09/2019
更新日: 02/10/2019
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Tags: italy; republic; sant; anna; dalfaedo; tuscany; ligurian; sea; province; lucca; river; serchino; kathedrale; san; martino; michele; in; foro; frediano; piazza; napoleone; aqueduct; of; nottolini
More About Lucca

Lucca is a city in northern Tuscany, a region of Italy, situated in a plain on the River Serchio. It is famous for its intact Renaissance City Walls, defined by the italian writer Gabriele d’Annunzio “l’arborato cerchio” due to the presence of the trees on the top of the wall along the promenade over it. The history of the city began with the Etruscan and in 180 b.C. Lucca became a Roman colony with the rectangular grid of the historical center, the Piazza San Michele that occupies the ancient forum and the amphitheater in the famous Piazza dell’Anfiteatro an oval square along the perimeter of the old roman building. The main sights of the city are: the walls around the old town characterized by eleven bastions, remained intact as the city expanded and today a pedestrian promenade which encircled the old town; St. Martins Cathedral with the Holy Face of Lucca a cedar-wood crucifix and image of Christ preserved in a small octagonal temple in the nave; The Clock Tower and the Guinigi Tower (famous for the trees on the top of it) from which we can admire a splendid panorama on Lucca and on the plain around it; Piazza San Michele, the old roman forum, with a splendid romanic church; the ancient Roman Amphitheater,  the Ducal Palace designed by Bartolomeo Ammannati in 1577 and continued by Filippo Juvarra in the 18th century, the Basilica of San Frediano another Romanesque church with a monumental golden mosaic on the façade and the baptismal font, the botanical garden established in 1820 by Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma, the Palazzo Pfanner built in 1667 with a fine garden, attributed to Filippo Juvarra (1678-1736), and an interesting external stairway with loggia. The province of Lucca is full of things to see: from the Versilia with Viareggio and Forte dei Marmi to the Garfagnana, from the beautiful villas near the town to the Apuan Alps, from parks to the marble quarries from the sea to the mountain .... Follow us with our panoramic images: view the Virtual Tour of Lucca on my site.


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