The imposing Harlech Castle was built by the English monarch King Edward I to assert his authority over the Welsh. Standing atop a high rocky outcrop, which then backed directly on to the Irish Sea, Harlech was a one of Edward's most formidable so-called 'iron ring' of fortifications.
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The major cities are Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and Bangor. The city of St. Davids is the smallest city in the UK with a population around 2000. Wales itself has a population of around 3 million. The Welsh language is spoken by around 20% of the population.