This dwelling is without doubt no other than ‘The Manor of the Salamander’! Built in Lisieux, this medieval house which dates back to the XIVth century was completely taken down by the Fécamp architect Émile Mauge to be built according to new plans at the heart of Etretat in 1912 to become the Rotisserie Marquise de Sévigné. It was saved in this way from the 1944 bombings of Lisieux and remains today, despite some modifications, a living relic of Norman medieval architecture.
Restored in 2004 by using archive footage, the establishments « Morganti », « Atelier du phare » and Christian Laire have achieved no small feat. Meticulous craftsmanship restored this house to give it its previous contrasting colours and ornaments.
France is affectionately referred to as "the Hexagon" for its overall shape.French history goes back to the Gauls, a Celtic tribe which inhabited the area circa 300BC until being conquered by Julius Caesar.The Franks were the first tribe to adopt Catholic Christianity after the Roman Empire collapsed. France became an independent location in the Treaty of Verdun in (843 AD), which divided up Charlemagne's Carolingian Empire into several portions.The French monarchy reached its zenith during the reign of Louis XIV, the Sun King, who stood for seventy-two years as the Monarch of all Monarchs. His palace of Versailles and its Hall of Mirrors are a splendid treasure-trove of Baroque art.The French Revolution ended the rule of the monarchy with the motto "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!" On July 14th, 1789 angry mobs stormed La Bastille prison and began the Revolution in which Louis XVI, his wife Marie-Antoinette and thousands of others met the guillotine.One decade after the revolution, Napolean Bonaparte seized control of the Republic and named himself Emperor. His armies conquered most of Europe and his Napoleonic Code became a lasting legal foundation for concepts of personal status and property.During the period of colonization France controlled the largest empire in the world, second only to Britain.France is one of the founding members of the European Union and the United Nations, as well as one of the nuclear armed nations of the world.Text by Steve Smith.