Russian village, the center of the village council, 14 kilometers north of the Nikolskaya, on the left bank of Inza. Railway station. On 01/01/2004 - 405 households, 976 residents. Founded around 1800 landowner Nikolai Stepanovich Arapovo Mais on the river at its confluence Inzu. Maize - the left tributary Inza, pool Sura. In the paper, the year 1631 refers to "bortnoy uhozhay River Moses" (Shatsky book, p. 98). Valid etymology: Maisyan - Chuvash man's name, or mayiz (Nogai) - "horn angle", a sharp turn of the river, uc (burtasskoe) - "water, river". One can assume that the nomads or Burtases meant a sharp turn to the west of the river near the present town of Inza Ulyanovsk region.
Just in case you mistakenly heard that it was all ice and snow in Russia, take a peek at the Big Bikini Exposition. This is right on the river Moskva in Moscow!Moscow has been the capital of Russia for almost its entire history. The exception is during the period of the Russian Empire, which lasted from 1721 until the Russian Revolution 1917. For these two centuries the capital was St. Petersburg. The Russian Empire was the second largest contiguous Empire in world memory; only the Mongol Empire had been greater.Check out what's happening north of Mongolia these days, in ChitaAlthough you may not have heard of Sochi, on the Black Sea, they're building up quickly and hope to host the 2014 Olympics.Other periods of Russian history include the Tsardom of Russia, from Ivan IV to Peter the Great, and the Grand Duchy (14th-16th centuries).The earliest period of Russian history was ruled by the Novgorod Republic and Kievan Rus, which was the first Russian state dating back to 800AD in Kiev.Modern Russia remains one of the world's superpowers. They launched the earth's second satellite, called Sputnik 1, and were the first country to put a human being into orbit around earth. (The first one is called the Moon.)After the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Russia became a federal republic of 83 states.Text by Steve Smith.