Urban nucleus municipal headquarters. Village located on a plain on the border of Alentejo. Medieval village of royal jurisdiction with castle and urban fence. 17th century war square.
The construction or reconstruction of the castle of Campo Maior is contemporary to the reign of D. Dinis (traditionally pointing to the date 1310), ensuring at this stage a clear urban function. Due to the growth of the population, in the mid-15th century, a new belt of walls was built, with a view to the defense of populations and their possessions.
Since the end of the 15th century, many of those persecuted by the Inquisition in Castile have taken refuge in Portugal. The population of Campo Maior will increase substantially at the expense of the residence of many of these fugitives.
Extremadura (Estremaura in Extremadura and the fala). It is a Spanish autonomous community located in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It is composed of the two largest provinces in Spain: Cáceres yBadajoz. Extremadura bounded on the north by the provinces of Salamanca, Ávila (Castilla y León), south conHuelva, Sevilla and Cordoba (Andalusia), on the east, with Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castilla-La Mancha) and west conPortugal. Its capital is Mérida (Augusta Emerita old), the city recognized by the Statute of Autonomy as the seat of the Government of Extremadura.