This Catholic sanctuary dedicated to Senhor Bom Jesus is an architectural-landscape ensemble made up of a church, a stairway where the Via Sacra do Bom Jesus develops, an area of forest (Parque do Bom Jesus), some hotels and a funicular ( Bom Jesus Elevator). It was elevated to a minor basilica on July 5, 2015.
Its peculiar disposition served as inspiration for other constructions, as for example the Sanctuary of Nossa Senhora dos Remédios in Lamego, and the Sanctuary of Bom Jesus de Matosinhos in the city of Congonhas, in Minas Gerais, in Brazil.
It is classified as a National Monument and declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Extensive staircase that rises a 116-meter gap where the life of Christ is represented. The portico, at the entrance, also shows the coat of arms of D.Rodrigo de Moura Teles, responsible for the construction, in 1723, of the first large flight of steps and chapels. In the first small courtyard are the first two chapels of the Way of the Cross, the Chapel of Cenacle and the Chapel of Horto, built on the original layout of the sanctuary. Beside each one, a fountain with allegories to pagan gods and on top of excerpts from the Gospel alluding to the represented step.
The staircase itself is built with several sections with patios, on a pavement of white stones that supposedly lighten the climb. After the first three flights you will find the Prison Chapel, where you can see Judas' kiss and water from Diana's fountain, and the Dark Chapel, where you can see Jesus blindfolded, next to the fountain on Mars. Then, the Chapel of the Scourges, with the flagellation of Christ and the source of Mercury and the Chapel of the Coronation, where we witness the coronation of Jesus Christ with the crown of thorns. Above we have the Chapel of Ecce Homo, where Jesus stands before Pilate and on the other side the Chapel of the Way of Calvary, with the son of God carrying his Cross. The original chapels of the foundation end here. The Chapel of the Cyrene, with Jesus fallen being helped by Cyrene and the Crucifixion, marks the end of the first great flight of stairs, which gives way to the Five Senses Stairway, the final but also the longest stage, to reach the Temple of Bom Jesus do Mount.