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Seabirds New Caledonia, Noddy Terns
新喀里多尼亚

The sea birds of New Caledonia are part of one of the most fascinating avifauna on the planet. Of the 197 species of birds found in New Caledonia, 51 are seabirds. 25 species are permanent residents of New Caledonia and 26 species migrate through the islands every year. Three of the endemic seabirds of New Caledonia are endangered and two of the world wide species are in decline - but the seabirds in this image, the lesser Noddy Tern, Anous tenuirostris, is happily not endangered.

Most of the nesting sites are within special lagoon island reserves and there are signs posted instructing people that no dogs or cats are allowed on the islands and to stay away from the birds and their nesting areas. However the birds in the southern lagoon islands don't seem to mind coming much closer than the 40 metres recommended by the signs.

The Noddi feeds on small fish and squid that come to the surface - often chased by bigger fish from beneath. The birds are very socially inclined. They nest together, roost together, and fly off each morning one after the other, fish together all day and come flying back at sunset - jabbering away the entire time with their accomplished little voices. Just at sunset, as they return from a hard day's fishing, they make a most astonishing amount of noise - gossiping and arguing between themselves, each trying to be loud enough to be heard over the general din.

New Caledonia seabirds breed between October and April. Just before breeding, the Noddi ingests sand and small pieces of coral from the beach to provide extra calcium for the eggs. They build their nests in the beach trees from seaweed and grass.

This image was taken on Ua Island, one of many anchorages in New Caledonia where pleasure boaters can enjoy a close encounter with sea birds.

 

Copyright: Richard Chesher
Type: Spherical
Resolution: 11894x5947
Taken: 22/03/2010
上传: 12/05/2010
更新: 06/01/2019
观看次数:

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Tags: seabirds; seabirds new caledonia; noddi tern; anous tenuirostris; marine birds new caledonia; new caledonia lagoon; world heritage site; lagoon island
More About 新喀里多尼亚

新喀里多尼亚是离澳大利亚和新西兰最近的南太平洋岛屿。该岛是法国领地且官方语言是法语,尽管如此,其文化却丰富多彩,揉合了美拉尼西亚、欧洲、波利尼西亚、越南、中国、印尼等国的风情。这里有一个多山的大岛,称为大地岛 (Grande Terre),和6个较小的岛屿——洛亚蒂三岛 (Loyalty Islands)、贝莱普群岛 (Belep) 和松树岛 (Isle of Pines)。 整个群岛人口极为稀少,有大片的荒野。这里有数百公里长的徒步小径、随处可见的露营营地、超过42个公园和保护区、清澈透明的河流和莹莹闪光的瀑布。约三分之一的人口居住在首府努美阿。镍的开采是该国最主要的工业,也是维持其高标准生活的主要经济来源。大地岛四周环绕着世界第二大珊瑚礁,此珊瑚礁形成的泻湖是世界上最大的,也是受保护的泻湖。该泻湖于2008年被列为世界遗产,面积达24000平方公里,是品种丰富的鱼类和无脊椎动物栖息之地。 对于刚上岛的游客而言,最引人注目的是这里鲜艳夺目的色彩。努美阿以其完备的酒店、度假酒店、餐馆设施和丰富多彩的活动欢迎游客的到来。


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