Water Station Zawada
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Panoramic photo by Pawel Kijak Taken 17:16, 23/05/2012 - Views loading...

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Water Station Zawada

The World > Europe > Poland

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Zabytkowa Stacja Wodociągowa Zawada w Karchowicach przy ul. Bytomskiej 6, to kompleks wodociągowy udostępniony do zwiedzania, który od 19 października 2006 znajduje się na trasie Szlaku Zabytków Techniki Województwa Śląskiego. Rozwój przemysłu wydobywczego na terenie Górnego Śląska w drugiej połowie XIX wieku spowodował stały spływ wód do wyrobisk górniczych. Deficyt wody w ujęciach powierzchniowych, zmusił władze pruskie do poszukiwań nowych źródeł wody pitnej. W 1874 roku wykonano pierwsze odwierty w okolicach wsi Zawada i Karchowice, a kilka lat później w tym miejscu wykonano studnię o głębokości 215 m. Budowę wodociągu rozpoczęto w latach 1894-1895 i wzniesiono budynki administracyjne, stację pomp oraz kotłownię parową. W latach 1927-1929 nastąpiła przebudowa hali maszyn i kotłowni. Dodatkowo wybudowano warsztat, łaźnię, garaże, magazyn, budynek straży pożarnej i komin. Wszystkie obiekty stacji wodociągowej wybudowano w stylu modernistycznym. W latach 1968-1969 w związku z elektryfikacją zakładu wszystkie urządzenia parowe zostały wyłączone.

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This panorama was taken in Poland, Europe

This is an overview of Europe

Europe is generally agreed to be the birthplace of western culture, including such legendary innovations as the democratic nation-state, football and tomato sauce.

The word Europe comes from the Greek goddess Europa, who was kidnapped by Zeus and plunked down on the island of Crete. Europa gradually changed from referring to mainland Greece until it extended finally to include Norway and Russia.

Don't be confused that Europe is called a continent without looking like an island, the way the other continents do. It's okay. The Ural mountains have steadily been there to divide Europe from Asia for the last 250 million years. Russia technically inhabits "Eurasia".

Europe is presently uniting into one political and economic zone with a common currency called the Euro. The European Union originated in 1993 and is now composed of 27 member states. Its headquarters is in Brussels, Belgium.

Do not confuse the EU with the Council of Europe, which has 47 member states and dates to 1949. These two bodies share the same flag, national anthem, and mission of integrating Europe. The headquarters of the Council are located in Strasbourg, France, and it is most famous for its European Court of Human Rights.

In spite of these two bodies, there is still no single Constitution or set of laws applying to all the countries of Europe. Debate rages over the role of the EU in regards to national sovereignty. As of January 2009, the Lisbon Treaty is the closest thing to a European Constitution, yet it has not been approved by all the EU states. 

Text by Steve Smith.

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